原标题:【国际】泰王国拟对使用区块链发电售电收取额外国资本费

本期原著选自The Economist 2017-02-25的小说Clean energy’s dirty
secret,释义来自印度孟买理工科高阶七版、有道词典等财富。借使您也在学习The
Economist,接待订阅作者的文集The
Economist,一齐学学沟通。

泰王国有集团业主起草的新准则须要向使用区块链本领的电力生产商抽出额外费用。

Clean energy’s dirty secret

The renewables【1】 revolution is wrecking【2】 the
world’s electricity markets. Here’s what to do

据《日经音讯澳洲评价》电视发表,泰王国发电局(EGAT)渴求支付那笔成本作为区块链本领带来的神秘影响的补贴。

【1】renewables 可再生财富

ERC成员Viraphol Jirapraditkul表示:

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家用阳光能屋顶发电机的数目正在快捷扩大。那正是财富幽禁理委员会员会(ERC)须要制定对种种人都玉石俱焚监禁的由来。

【2】wreck破坏,毁坏

更多的泰王国集团动用布满式账本本领(DLT)扶持房主从屋顶太阳能系统中猎取。新一代区块链花费者通过在分流的点对点(p2p)财富商场上买卖剩余的太阳能电力能源,致使这个国家国有公用职业利益锐减。

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换句话说,随着市镇范围的恢宏,直接从国营公用工作公司购进的电力减少,那象征古板电力行业的毛利减弱。

ALMOST 150 years after photovoltaic cells【3】 and wind
turbines【4】
were invented, they still generate only 7% of the
world’s electricity. Yet something remarkable is happening. From being
peripheral to the energy system just over a decade ago, they are now
growing faster than any other energy source and their falling costs
are making them competitive with fossil fuels【5】. BP, an oil
firm, expects renewables to account for half of the growth in global
energy supply over the next 20 years. It is no longer
far-fetched【6】 to think that the world is entering an era of
clean, unlimited and cheap power. About time, too.

就在一年前,泰王国还扬弃了对非政坛太阳能发电的严加限定。据《迈阿密邮报》电视发表,泰王国政党允许家庭和厂商二〇一八年一月将太阳电瓶板发生的剩余能量发卖给EGAT,但或者当年并不曾料到p2p财富社区会如此飞快地应用区块链本领吗。

【3】photovoltaic cell光伏电瓶

克罗地亚语原来的文章

【4】wind turbine风力涡轮机

New regulations drafted by Thailand officials demand that electricity
producers using blockchain be charged additional fees. Government
regulators fear an explosion in independent power generation will lead
to a reduction in revenue.

【5】fossil fuel化石燃料,矿物燃料

Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT) has demanded the
fees be paid as a subsidy for potentially destabilizing effects
blockchain technology brings, Nikkei Asian Review reports.

【6】far-fetched 牵强附会,不敢相信 无法相信的

“The number of household solar rooftop power generators is increasing
rapidly. That’s why the Energy Regulatory Commission (ERC) needs to
develop regulation that is fair for everybody,” declared ERC member
Viraphol Jirapraditkul.

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There is a growing number of Thai companies leveraging distributed
ledger technology (DLT) to help homeowners profit from rooftop solar
systems. A new generation of blockchain-savvy consumers is muscling the
state-owned utilities out of profits by buying and selling surplus solar
energy on decentralized peer-to-peer (p2p) energy markets.

There is a $20trn hitch【7】, though. To get from here to there
requires huge amounts of investment over the next few decades, to
replace old smog-belching【8】 power plants and to upgrade the
pylons【9】 and wires that bring electricity to consumers.
Normally investors like putting their money into electricity because
it offers reliable returns. Yet green energy has a dirty secret. The
more it is deployed, the more it lowers the price of power from any
source. That makes it hard to manage the transition to a carbon-free
future, during which many generating technologies, clean and dirty,
need to remain profitable if the lights are to stay on. Unless the
market is fixed, subsidies to the industry will only grow.

As the markets grow bigger, less electricity is being purchased directly
from the state-run utilities, meaning less profits for the traditional
power industry.

【7】hitch钩住(v),困难,故障,结(n);get hitched 结婚

Here, we are witnessing the decentralization of the energy sector, in
Thailand at least. Andreas Antonopolous thinks that this is one of the
“most important trends in human history.” Despite the benefits of p2p
energy markets, the fact that governments can just impose additional
fees to compensate puts a real dampener on things.

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It was only a year ago that Thailand rolled back strict restrictions on
non-government solar power generation. Bangkok Post reported that the
Thai government allowed households and businesses to sell surplus energy
generated by solar panels back to EGAT last September, but I guess it
didn’t count on blockchain being adopted by the p2p energy community so
quickly.

【8】belch喷(大量)出,吐出,打嗝

译者:高旭

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来源:THE NEXT WEB

【9】pylon电缆塔

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Policymakers are already seeing this inconvenient truth as a reason to
put the brakes on renewable energy. In parts of Europe and China,
investment in renewables is slowing as subsidies are cut
back【10】
. However, the solution is not less wind and solar. It is
to rethink how the world prices clean energy in order to make better
use of it.

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【10】cut back (on sth)削减,减少

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Shock to the system

At its heart, the problem is that government-supported renewable
energy has been imposed on a market designed in a different era. For
much of the 20th century, electricity was made and moved by vertically
integrated, state-controlled monopolies. From the 1980s onwards, many
of these were broken up, privatised and liberalised, so that market
forces could determine where best to invest. Today only about 6% of
electricity users get their power from monopolies. Yet everywhere the
pressure to decarbonise【11】 power supply has brought the state
creeping back into【12】 markets. This is disruptive for three
reasons. The first is the subsidy system itself. The other two are
inherent to the nature of wind and solar: their intermittency and
their very low running costs. All three help explain why power prices
are low and public subsidies are addictive.

【11】decarbonise除碳,脱碳;de-去掉,除掉,……反义

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【12】creep in/into sth 开头发生(或影响)

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First, the splurge【13】 of public subsidy, of about $800bn
since 2008, has distorted the market. It came about for noble reasons—
to counter climate change and prime the pump【14】 for new,
costly technologies, including wind turbines and solar
panels【15】
. But subsidies hit【16】 just as electricity
consumption in the rich world was stagnating because of growing energy
efficiency and the financial crisis. The result was a glut【17】
of power-generating capacity that has slashed the revenues utilities
earn from wholesale power markets and hence deterred investment.

【13】splurge挥霍,乱花钱

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【14】prime the pump投资振兴

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